Another of the 'Three Stupas', this holy site is located only 10km from central Kathmandu. It is one of the largest stupas in the world and a UNESCO world heritage site.
It is believed that, several centuries ago, a poor woman, Jyajima, wished to build a stupa as a place of prayer to make amends for her bad karma. Seeing her devotion, the king granted her some land so that she could begin construction.
The woman died after completing the base, and her four sons completed the rest of the stupa. After it was finished the four sons prayed in front of the stupa. Whilst they were praying, all the buddhas and bodhisattvas were absorbed into the stupa, giving it the name 'All-Encompassing'.
The oldest brother prayed “May I become a Dharma king in Tibet, the Snow Land.” The next brother heard his prayer and said, “May I become a minister to help him spread the Dharma.” The next brother made the prayer, “May I be an abbot to pass on the lineage of ordinations in Tibet.” And the next made the prayer, “May I become a powerful yogi when there are obstacles to spreading Dharma in Tibet.”
In the next life, the brothers were reincarnated according to their wishes, and from here the history of Tibetan Buddhism began.